Copyright Michael Karbo, Denmark, Europe.


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    Chapter 13. About fonts

    Word processing is an important task, which many do not spend much time with. It can be done with Microsoft Word, with the excellent freeware program StarOffice or with another program. But regardless of which program you use, you will have a number of fonts available. Here I will show, how Windows XP handles the fonts, and I will also show how you write accents and other special characters.

    Fonts in Windows

    When you install Windows XP on a pc, a number of fonts are automatically included. The same happens if you install one of the large program packages such as from Microsoft or Corel. There are lots of fonts included. I personally write in Microsoft Word, and in the tool bar I see my available fonts:

    But the fonts do not belong to the program­ Word, since they are installed in Windows XP itself. Thus they can be used by all programs where you can write formatted text. Let us look at the fonts:

    1.    Open the control panel and doubleclick on the tool Fonts (use ”Classic View”):

    2.    That opens the system folder Fonts. There are four buttons in the tool bar, which can be used for different views. Click the second button (List):

    3.    Then you see a summary of all the fonts. My pc shows 203 of them, and that is probably way too much; I certainly only use a handful of them. But that is not significant. The modern pc’s can asily have hundreds of fonts installed without causing problems:

    4

    4.    Try to find the font Comic Sans MS. It should be on your pc – else find another. Doubleclick on it:

    5.    Now a new window opens, where you can see samples of the font. In the bottom of the window is shown a text in font sizes 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 and 60. Then you can judge if that font is suitable for such a thing as large headings:

    6.    Press Escape to close the window. Then try to doubleclick on other fonts, and evaluate their appearance. There are several smart fonts included in Windows XP such as
    Georgia, Tahoma, Trebuchet and Verdana.

    As said, you can get new fonts in connection with the installation of different program packages, and you can also retreieve them free from the Internet.

    It is very easy to install the fonts in Windows XP, It just requires that the new font file is in a folder on your pc. The installation is done with menu items Files à Install new font. Notice that it might take some time before the new font can be seen.

    Figure 57. It is nice that you can add new fonts to Windows XP.

    Accents and foreign characters

    One thing is that it is fun to experiment with fonts. It is someting else to utilize the various characters from the keyboard. You might get a need to write foreign characters. That can easily be done, both in word processing and in other programs. The easiest way is to use the tool Character summary. Try that:

    1.      Open the text editor Notepad. Now you need to enter the following ”sentence”, which will be explained further down in the text:

    Señor Arçois, Bahnhofstraße, München[n21] 

    2.      The first problem is the spansish ñ in Señor. You handle that with an accent tilde, which is found on the keyboard. Before you get to the n, you need to hold the [Alt Gr] key down (it is to the right of the space bar) and simultaneously press on the accent key that has the ”tilde”. On my keyboard it is just to the left of the Enter key. Then you release those keys and type an ”n”. Only then do you see the character with the accent on the screen:

    3.      Now continue the exercise: keep typing until you encounter the next accent symbol. That is ç (called cedilla). That is not on the keyboard, so you need to retrieve it from the Character Map.

    4.      Open the start menu, and select All programs --> Accessories à System tools à Character Map:

    5.      Here you see lots of characters. For retrieve the cedilla, you first need to select a common font such as Arial (my computer selects that automatically)[n22] :

    6.      Then you see all the ordinary letters plus a number of other characters. Try to click on the characters – then you see them enlarged. Then try to click on the Copyright-symbol (©). In the bottom of the window you can read the character’s name:

    7.      Our cedilla is in the ninth row. Click on that to enlarge it:

    8.      Click on the Select button, and then on Copy:

    9.      Return to word processing and insert the ç character with Control+v. That is how it works.

    10.   Write the rest of the text yourself. The german letter ß (”sz”) also needs to be retrieved from the character map, while the ”umlaut” in ü can be made with an accent key available on some keyboards[n23] ; find it for yourself.

    Tip: The foreign letters can also be inserted by their character number, since many of the ”foreign” characters have a number code.

    Try to holde the Alt-key down and press 0169. When you release the Alt-key, the symbol © is written .

    Try Alt+0179; that results in an ”elevated” digit 3 (³). Then try Alt+0190, what do you get then?

    You can see the number codes in the character map. When you highlight a character, the keystroke is shown in the bottom right of the window:

    Figure 58. Foreign letters, fractions and other characters are found in the character map. They can be inserted from the clipboard or with special key presses.




    Now my review becomes more technical. In this part I start by showing you the folder Pictures and the possibilities it offers. Then we will look at CD/DVD-drives and CD-burners. That leads to installation of new hardware. And finally I show the real good possibilities to work with digital video in Windows XP.


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