Copyright Michael Karbo, Denmark, Europe.
Chapter 29. About publishing on the net
One thing is to make home pages – another is to get them on the Internet! Through the years I have received many letters from readers who had problems uploading their home pages. So let me here describe what you need, and how it is done!
The pages must be hosted
In this book you have worked ”locally”. This means that you saved the home pages on your pc, and you have reviewed these ”local HTML documents” in your browser. But if other users need to see your home pages, you have to place them on a web server.
You can install your own web server; that requires a permanent Internet connection. Most use the Internet providers, which have free space available.
In principle there are two types of hosting, and that means storing the home pages on a web server that we ordinary users can access:
· ”Private” home pages that are hosted free as part of an Internet subscription.
· Domains, which are purchased and hosted by payment to an Internet provider.
The two forms of hosting are not very dissimilar seen from the HTML author’s (now the webmaster) point of view. In both cases the HTML documents, graphics files etc., which are part of the total home page, have to be uploaded with a FTP program. So the use has to copy all his/her files to the provider’s server.
The difference between domains and private home pages is in the Internet address (URL), which the user has to enter to finds the page. There the domain has a great advantage:
Figure 64. You can buy your own domain, or you can place the pages in yourInternet provider’s domain.
The personal home pages can often be placed free of charge from the large Internet providers in connection with an ordinary Internet subscription. Then you get an address similar with room for possibly 25 MB data. That is often sufficient for private users – at least for a starter.
If the home page becomes more ”established” and important for you, it might be a good idea to purchase a domain. You will pay a reasonable annual fee to own the domain name. Beyond that you need to pay for a subscription for the web hotel, where the domain is placed and hosted. The price varies depending on how much server space and how many services you need.
Upload with FTP
Regardless of which type of hosting you chose for your home pages, you need to upload them with FTP. To upload means to copy files from your pc to a web server. That is done with a certain type program, which is tailor-made for just this task.
There are lots of these FTP programs; you can get them from the net (there are links on the home page for this book). There are a few free programs (such as LeechFTP), but most are shareware. That means that the program typically works for 30 days after you install it. After that you have to pay a nominal amount if you want to continue usage.
I use personally a shareware program called Windows Commander. That is actually a very advanced program for file handling, which can also be used for FTP. Windows Commander works with a screen image that is divided in two windows; you can see your own drives and folders in the left window and the FTP server’s folders and files in the right window. Then you can copy files between the two windows, create folders, delete files etc.
Figure 65. Windows Commander is an excellent program for the somewhat more advanced users, and it can also work with FTP.
If you want a more traditional FTP program, I can recommend Trellian FTP, which is also available in many languages (see the home page for this book).
Access to the server
Regardless of which FTP program you use, you need to start by making a FTP set-up that is valid for your web server.
You need three information that you get from either your Internet provider or your web hotel. Those are:
Figure 66. You always need these three items of information before you can upload.
When you have the three information, you need to enter them in the FTP program. In the program Trellian FTP you need to click on the New button.
There you first need to create a profile name that covers this FTP account (you can easily have more of the kind). Then the three information have to be entered:
Figure 67. Establishing an FTP profile in the shareware program Trellian FTP.
When you click on OK, the information is saved. Then you click on the Connect button to establish the connection to the web server.
Then in the left window (that shows your local folders) select the files to be copied. Then click on the arrow >> as shown in Figure 68:
Figure 68. File transfer through FTP with Trellian FTP.
When you upload (or download for that matter) with FTP, you can do that from any pc – as long as they have Internet connection, so you don’t have to be coupled to a particular location.
It is really immaterial which program you use to upload your pages. There are so many options. As an example a program like Dreamweaver can upload, and there you don’t even need a FTP program. The important thing is to learn how to get FTP access to your Internet server, and as said you need to know the three information items in Figure 66. Those are the important ones!
Next come a couple of other small tips that may benefit you.