Adobe Photoshop Tutorial. Copyright Michael B. Karbo.


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    22. Teddy bear in the field

    Now you are going to combine three pictures; you are going to make a collage.

    Getting ready

    Start med by opening two image files.

    1.   Get the picture plysmark.jpg from the home page for this booklet, and open it in Photoshop.

    2.   Open also the image file peter plys.psd. You now need to copy the teddy bear onto the dandelion field.

    3.   Arrange the two pictures, so they can both be seen on the screen.

    4.   Select the move tool with v. Click on the layer plys. Hold the mouse button down and drag the button out from the palette and onto the field picture, where you need to release the button:

    5.   Voil --> ! Teddy came in dandelion company:

    6.   Use the move tool to place him decoratively in the green. Save the image file as plysmark.psd.

    7.   Close the file peter plys.psd.

    Fit a teddy bear in the green

    As for size teddy fits fine in the landscabe, but it looks like the angle is slightly off – teddy leans too much toward the left. We need to correct that.

    1.   The layer plys has to be selected:

    2.   Choose free transform with Control+t. Now you can turn the figure with the mouse, but in this case it is easier to use the keyboard. Look in the settings line and click in the field Set rotation. Enter the value 4 there:

    3.   This means that the figure is turned four degrees, and that is about right. Accept by clicking on the small button in the far right of the settings line:

    4.   Now everything seems to be fine, but what is a teddy bear without honey? So open the image file honey.psd.

    5.   In a previous exercise you made a selection around the honey glass. The selection was converted to a layer mask, so the glass is actually ready for use – without background.

    8.   Now arrange the two pictures honey.psd and plysmark.psd so they can be seen simultaneously on the screen. The honey picture needs to be the active one.

    9.   Activate the move tool, and use the mouse to drag the honey glass onto the field picture in the same way as you earlier dragged Teddy into the picture:

    10. Release the glass on the field.

    11. The glass is now on its own layer. Rename the layer to honey (double click on the layer’s name in the layer palette):

    12. Save the image file.

    On with the glass

    The glass is really way too big. But before you correct that, there is another detail to be worked on. The top part of the glass ought to be semi transparent, so the background shows faintly through it.

    1.   Zoom in on the glass’s top, and choose the lasso (presss l). Select the inner surface of the glass’ top portion:

    2.   Right click somewhere in the selection, and choose Feather from the menu. Set the value to 2 pixels.

    3.   Now we would like to change the opacity for this picture segment; since it needs to be partially transparent. But you cannot change the opacity for part of a layer; any change will effect the whole layer. So you have to place the selected glass section on its own layer. You can do that by using cut and paste, but Photoshop has a command, which does that in one move. Use menus: Layer --> New --> Layer via Cut. Rename the new layer to glass.

    4.   You can now experiment with the glass edge’s degree of transparency (in the layer palette). A transparency of about 50% seems suitable:

    5.   Now you can look through the glass; the dandelions are clearly visible:

    6.   The two layers ”honey” and ”glass” need to be locked together. The idea is that they should always stay together, such as when you use the move tool. Select the honey layer.

    7.   Then click in the lock field by the glass layer. Now the link icon turns on, and the two layers are locked together:

    8.   Now use the function Free Transform (using Control+t) to scale the honey glass down to a suitable size. When you drag in a corner anchor, you need to hold the Shift- key down to preserve the figure’s proportions. The glass needs to fitted to size and be placed between Teddy’s legs:

    9.   Now lock the plys layer to the two layers with the honey glass:

    10. Use the move tool to find the best placement for the small group in the field. Save the picture when you are satisfied.

    Make a shadow

    Now you only need one thing, Before Teddy can find rest in the dandelion field. It really does not look as if Teddy really sits on the glass – he looks almost as if glued on.

    If you give the figure a slight shadow at the bottom, it will look more natural.

    Since it is necessary first to combine the group’s three layers into one, we recommend that you start by making a safety copy of the picture.

    1.   Select menu items Image --> Dublicate. Photoshop suggests a file name. Click on OK to accept that:

    2.   Save the new picture with Control+s, and accept the suggested file name (by pressing Enter).

    3.   Close the copy with Control+w. You now have a safety copy of the picture on your hard disk, if anything should go wrong.

    4.   Now the three locked layers need to be merged. Select the layer plys. Check that the two layers above are locked – that there is a small link to the right of the eye in the layer beam, as in point 8 on page 115.

    5.   Select menu item Layer --> Merge Linked. Then the three layers melt together into one, can you see that?

    6.   The figure needs to throw a shadow in the grass, and you can make it do that with a layer effect. So click on the button ”Add a layer style” in the bottom of the layer palette:

    7.   Choose the effect Drop Shadow:

    8.   In the following large dialog box you need to enter the values that will be used for the shadow. You can follow the effect of your settings in the picture. Choose 65% Opacity, 97 (degrees) Angle, 6 px Distance, 9 % Spread and 13 px Size like here:

    9.   That gives a moderate shadow effect, and that is all it needs. Cllick on OK, and see the result. There is a visible shadow under the bear and the glass:

    Figure 54. The shadow is seen between the figure and the grass.

    Remove unneeded shadows

    Unfortunately you also got shadows in all kinds of other places, which was not the intent! Try to look under the bear’s arms.

    Since the shadow is placed on a special effect layer, it has to be converted to a regualr layer before yoou can edit it. Only then can you remove the unwanted shadows.

    1.   Now right click on the small f in the effect layer’s beam in the layer palette:

    2.   Select the item Create Layer in the bottom of the menu, which you get from the button. Cllick on OK if you see a warning like this:

    3.   Now the effect is placed in its own layer. Select that:

    4.   You need to erase most of the shadow. Choose the lasso in the tool box, and drag a selection around those parts of the figure where you want no shadow. Try to make a large lasso selection that covers the whole figure except the lower part of the bear’s legs and the glass, where we need to have a shadow:

    5.   Delete the selection by pressing Delete. Remove the selection with Control+d.

    6.   If you are perfectionist, you can choose the erasor (press e), and use a soft brush with low opacity (around 25%) to remove the last traces of unwanted shadows from the bear’s legs.

    7.   Then the picture is finished! Save the file.

    That was the last of these rather long string of exercises. We hope that you found the work interesting and hopefully also entertaining. If you made all the exercises, you have really learned a lot about Photoshop!

    Figure 55. Tools from parts 3 and 4 of the booklet.


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